ESVI shows the spatial variability of fresh biomass on cropland over the season within one scale. The values range from 0 – 100 and correlate quite well with optical NDVI and other biomass indices.
SAR measures structure and humidity of the surface. The signal can be transformed in an index that represents fresh biomass.
The ESVI can be used for decision making in precision farming or crop monitoring for crop insurance or disaster management.
The map product can be delivered for single crop-types on field level or over all crop-types on regional level.

Color Composite

The color composite is purely derived from single date Sentinel-1 SAR data.
It gives a high contrast and shows different zones within single plots.
This map product is easy to perceive due to its natural color coding.

It is the ideal map product for farm managers, crop insurance underwriters and investors to understand what is going on the farms.


SWI (SAR water index)

The map product shows the moisture content in the vegetation and topsoil.

The data were tested against the NDWI (Gao) and correlate very well with this optical index.

The product is suitable for large-scale drought monitoring. It reliably indicates a deficit in precipitation.

It is suitable for use in irrigation management.


EVO (Evolution) is a color composite of three consecutive ESVI datasets.

The datasets are arranged in such a way that black or dark areas represent either water surfaces or bare-soil condition.
Forest areas appear in gray to white.

Green color indicates an increase. Dark green stands for low-level growth and light green for high-level growth.

In purple we see a reduction. It also applies that light purple represents a reduction at a high level and dark purple at a low level.


GCB (Gradual Change of Biomass)

The map product is based on ESVI and shows the change between two consecutive datasets.

The values are based on 100. Accordingly, a value of 70 is a reduction of 30 ESVI units.

A decrease during the ripening process or through harvesting is marked with red color. An increase in biomass is indicated in green color.
The map product directly shows the change in biomass.


Sentinel-1 is in a constellation of polar-orbiting satellites. On its path, each satellite acquires data along these orbits. Neighboring orbits have a certain amount of overlap.
For public data access the orbits are divided into frames. One single frame from Sentinel-1 covers an area of ca. 240×200 km. In our pre-processing chain we process the data per frame. It involves more effort to process a certain number of frames from different orbits compared to processing the same number of frames from one single orbit. The price list displays the prices for frames per orbits.
Data deliveries refers to how often the data should be processed. Customers receive all data from one processing step and can stagger the data deliveries freely. However, in order to obtain a consistent time series, the intervals between two deliveries must not exceed 8 successive acquisitions.


LAI (Leaf Area Index)

The LAI is a leaf surface index. It was calibrated based on the ESVI with in-situ data. It is the overall LAI.
This means that all parts of the plant are taken into account, including yellowed parts of the plant if the plant is already in the maturity phase.
The LAI makes it possible to carry out yield modeling with regards to the phenology.
The map product is so far available for Hungary, Slovakia and Argentina.

LAI calibration

Time series comparison of the in-situ measurements and the calibrated LAI.
We found excellent correlations across different cultures.

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  • 00 41 76 – 749 22 77
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